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  • Writer's picturePeak Frameworks Team

What are Meeting Minutes? How to Take Good Minutes

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Meeting Minutes

Meeting Minutes

Meeting minutes are a written record of the conversation, highlights, and decisions that come out of a meeting. Meeting minutes are critical records that offer clarity, ensure transparency, and hold participants accountable for decisions made.

Components of Effective Meeting Minutes

An effective set of meeting minutes will contain:

  • Date, time, and venue: This sets the stage and provides context.

  • Attendees and absentees: Identifying stakeholders and their presence or absence during critical decisions.

  • Objectives or purpose of the meeting: A brief on what was intended to be achieved.

  • Agenda items: Listing out the topics of discussion.

  • Discussions and decisions: Key points debated and the conclusions reached. For example, in 2010, during the European debt crisis, many critical meetings among EU leaders were held. The minutes of these meetings not only highlighted the gravity of the situation but also documented the multiple avenues explored before arriving at decisions.

  • Action items and deadlines: Who's responsible for what and by when?

  • Relevant references to documents: Any supporting materials discussed or referred to.

Steps Involved in Recording Meeting Minutes

1. Preparation

Understand the meeting's agenda in advance.

Why it's Crucial: Starting with a clear understanding ensures you're aware of the topics that will be covered. It sets the stage for you to anticipate important discussions and decisions.

How to Prepare:

  • Review any pre-meeting documents or agendas distributed. Familiarize yourself with the attendees, especially if there are external participants.

  • Knowing the key players can help in understanding the dynamics and importance of certain discussions.

  • Have the necessary tools ready, whether it's a notebook, laptop, or any recording device (provided recording is allowed).

2. Active Participation

Engage in the meeting while noting key points.

Why it's Crucial: Active listening will allow you to catch nuances and details that can be overlooked if one is passive.

Engagement Tips:

  • Be present both mentally and physically. Avoid distractions like checking emails or unrelated tasks.

  • Look out for non-verbal cues. Sometimes, the body language or the tone of the speaker can provide context to the discussion.

  • Note down any assignments or decisions as they are made.

3. Documentation

Jot down details in a structured format.

Why it's Crucial: A well-structured document is easier to review, reference, and share. It ensures that the information is organized and accessible.

Documentation Tips:

  • Use bullet points for clarity.

  • Separate discussions by agenda items.

  • Highlight decisions or action items distinctly. This can be through color coding, underlining, or using a different font style.

  • Ensure that names and titles are correctly spelled. Misrepresentation can be deemed unprofessional or even disrespectful.

4. Review

Go through the minutes for any errors or omissions.

Why it's Crucial: This step ensures accuracy and completeness. In high-stakes environments like finance, missing or misrepresented details can have significant implications.

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Reviewing Best Practices:

  • Ideally, review the minutes within 24 hours while the memory is still fresh.

  • Cross-reference with any recordings or additional notes if available.

  • Look out for ambiguities or vague statements. Remember, the minutes might be referred to months or years down the line, so clarity is paramount.

5. Finalization

Get the minutes approved by the chair or relevant authority.

Why it's Crucial: This step provides an official stamp on the document, verifying its accuracy and making it a record of reference.

Steps to Finalize:

  • Share the draft with the meeting's chairperson or organizer for review.

  • Incorporate any feedback or corrections provided.

  • Once approved, distribute the minutes to the participants and stakeholders. Ensure that the document is stored in a designated location, whether it's a physical file or a digital repository.

The Role of the Minutes-Taker

The person taking the minutes has a significant role:

Role of Minute taker
Source: Free Management eBooks

  • Qualities and skills required: A good listener, unbiased, detail-oriented, and proficient in documentation.

  • Do’s and don’ts: Always be objective, avoid personal interpretations, and ensure thoroughness.

  • Utilizing technology: Modern tools like Evernote or OneNote can aid in organizing and cataloging minutes efficiently.

The Process of Writing Meeting Minutes

  1. Immediate Transcription: Convert your notes into a structured format soon after the meeting.

  2. Use a Template: Consistency is key. Using a standardized template ensures uniformity.

  3. Be Clear and Concise: Avoid jargon and ensure clarity.

  4. Include Visuals: Where necessary, graphs or charts can be incorporated.

  5. Seek Feedback: Before finalizing, get feedback from a colleague or senior.

Distributing the Meeting Minutes

  • Timeliness: Distribute minutes soon after they are finalized to keep the momentum.

  • Choose the Right Medium: Email, shared drives, or specialized software – pick what suits your organization.

  • Feedback Loop: Allow recipients to provide feedback or clarify doubts.

  • Archival: Ensure that the minutes are stored safely for future reference.

Benefits of Effective Meeting Minutes

  • Record-keeping and accountability: Ensures that decisions made are traceable and individuals are held accountable. The Volkswagen emissions scandal serves as a case where minutes from meetings would have been scrutinized to determine who knew what and when.

  • Legal protection and compliance: Accurate minutes can protect a firm legally by providing evidence of due diligence.

  • Improved communication and clarity: Helps attendees and those absent to be on the same page.

  • Tracking progress: Ensures that action items are followed up on.

Pitfalls to Avoid

While meeting minutes are crucial, certain mistakes can undermine their effectiveness:

  • Vagueness and ambiguity: Minutes should be clear. For instance, during the 2008 financial crisis, clarity in documentation would have been essential in decision-making meetings.

  • Missing out on key details: Overlooking crucial decisions or action items.

  • Biased representation: The minutes should be an objective record, not swayed by personal opinions.

  • Overcomplication: Being too verbose or intricate can make minutes hard to follow.

Importance in the Finance Sector

Minutes can heavily impact investment decisions. For example, the Federal Reserve's FOMC meetings and their minutes are closely watched by investors worldwide. These minutes provide insights into potential monetary policy shifts, affecting investment strategies.

Further, accurate minutes are vital during audits and ensure clarity during financial strategy discussions.

Tools and Software for Minute-Taking

Tips for Choosing the right tool for taking minutes
Source: The Knowledge Academy

Modern technology offers various tools tailored for effective minute-taking:

  • Notion: An all-in-one workspace suitable for meetings and more. It offers organizational tools including task management, project tracking, to-do lists, and bookmarking.

  • Evernote: one of the most widely used meeting minutes programs on the market. You can create, store, and share documents in one location with this feature-rich cloud-based document management tool.

For those breaking into the world of finance, understanding the intricacies of such tools and the art of minute-taking can set you apart.


In the fast-paced world of finance, where decisions are made in the blink of an eye, having a robust record in the form of meeting minutes ensures that every stakeholder, present or absent, has a clear understanding. It's not just about keeping a record; it's about ensuring transparency, and clarity, and driving informed decision-making.


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